Artificial intelligence applications are advancing by leaps and bounds
AI solutions could help us improve our health, reduce damage from weather catastrophes or improve smart cities.
At the end of 2022, an artificial intelligence application called Lensa became fashionable among users, which generated various images based on photos, and people began to share these results on their social networks, and other specialized solutions for creating texts.
ChatGP stands out, which is capable of creating texts similar to the style of the person who trains said algorithm.
Artificial intelligence systems powered by large language models are transforming the way we work and create, from generating the lines of code for software developers to styling sketches for graphic designers to helping organize cybersecurity alerts to reduce fatigue due to alerts from business teams.
Better health powered by AI
Although they are not new systems, artificial intelligence is just beginning to be used in industries such as health.
Julio Castrejón, country manager for Mexico at Pure Storage, comments that, for example, “emerging technologies such as robotics in surgery, nanotechnology, and brain-computer interfaces will be more widely available thanks to the ability to more easily capture data and take action.” based on inference from the data.
The information generated in health systems must be analyzed in real-time to be used by artificial intelligence to benefit clinical decision-making -based on better and faster data analysis, as well as the experience of customers (patients and service providers).
It is in this sector where you can find a greater degree of maturity of artificial intelligence, which shows its performance in solving increasingly complex problems.
Kevin Scott, Microsoft’s CTO, exemplifies this with work done by biochemist David Baker of the University of Washington and the Institute for Protein Design, whose lab has created its tool to predict the structure of proteins. proteins and thus develop more and better medicines.
For the Microsoft executive, 2023 appears to be a promising year for the AI community, since “these advances are just the tip of the iceberg of what these technologies could achieve.
In the future, AI is expected to be everywhere, applied in the design of new molecules to create medicines, used to make manufacturing recipes from 3D models, or as a constant assistant for writing and editing.
Some believe that AI could even replace doctors in first-contact diagnoses, using algorithms fed with data from various pieces of evidence and symptoms and information from researchers and doctors.
This could happen in the next two or three years, as the attitude and technology related to AI are changing.
“The data required to train algorithms must be quickly accessible for analysis, and legacy technology was holding this back,” considers Julio Castrejón, who points out: “Doctors are now more aware of what AI is doing to support diagnosis and, therefore, Therefore, they are more willing to trust it.”
Castrejón indicates that it is expected to see the generalization of the use of brain-computer interfaces that allow nerves that present some type of damage to be connected with artificial limbs.
The analysis of hundreds of thousands of data has been required to achieve this, which has allowed these advances to represent hope for millions of people around the world to be able to recover sensitivity or movement in the parts of their body that have lost mobility or sensitivity. The implementation will take a big leap forward in 2023.
The creation of medicines “tailored” to each patient is also getting closer, thanks to advances in the analysis of biomarkers in pharmacogenomics.
Prevention and resilience to climate disasters
Climate change is, at present, one of the greatest concerns of humanity. It is no secret to anyone that natural disasters caused by rarefied weather have risen in recent decades, and artificial intelligence can help prevent and be resilient in the face of these events.
For example, in 2021, the heat dome in the northwestern US and Canada heated the land to the point that wildfires engulfed entire towns and, when the rain finally came, it was so intense that it caused flooding and landslides.
According to the Ericsson ConsumerLab study “10 Consumer Trends: Living in a Climate-Affected Future”, a personalized weather alert system could be created that could give real-time advice on unexpected weather developments to prevent such damage and loss of human lives.
The study indicates that more than 80% of pioneering users of technologies located in urban areas believe that these types of alerts should exist before 2030.
To develop these alerts, artificial intelligence can be used to analyze a large amount of data on weather events and thus better understand, in addition, the relationship that weather has with the way cities work, the pace of life, industry, or migration.
After reading and processing this data, it will be possible to quantify the impact of disasters and climate crises. The UN has already launched an initiative for early warning systems for extreme weather that it hopes can be put at the service of all people by 2027.
In addition to alerts, the study shows that 35% of people would be willing to wear smart jackets for extreme weather, with built-in emergency heaters and inflatable life jackets or body sensors that measure how they cope with heat or cold and alert the healthcare providers if needed.
For the next decade, the Ericsson study indicates that 75% of those surveyed would rely on artificial intelligence services to make better investments in homes to face extreme weather events and thus avoid financial losses due to damage to their assets.
AI and Internet of Things (A-IoT) for smart cities
Also, the field of physical security and citizen protection is taking advantage of artificial intelligence.
According to the company Dahua, the AI incorporated in security cameras allows to obtain visual data captured as part of its intelligent solutions for everything, solutions can be achieved to alleviate road congestion, monitoring of protected ecological zones, track waste streams, and even improve sales in convenience stores.
Dahua reveals that more than 50% of companies use AI in some way, and more than 25% report widespread adoption of AI within their company, so investing in AI-ready video surveillance platforms will help them be ready for the future.
This year, the company will introduce HDCVI 7.0, along with updates to other smart products like WizSense and TiOC. In addition, they will also launch indoor fire prevention thermal solutions and thermal technology applications in various vertical markets.
The Chinese company sees it as important to continue integrating AI into its solutions, as well as big data and IoT to give the necessary boost to digital innovation in cities, and accelerate industry innovation and digital inclusion in emerging markets in the coming years.
Finally, Kevin Scott, Microsoft’s CTO, summarizes the growth of AI, noting that while “at the start of 2022 I think almost everyone in AI was anticipating some really impressive things, by the end of the year, and even with those With high expectations, it’s amazing to look back and see the magnitude of the innovation we saw.
The things that researchers and others have done are light years beyond what we thought possible even a few years ago, showing great advances in AI models.”